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Dear Readers, Welcome to the latest issue of Micro
The nipah virus (NiV), a zoonotic virus, can infect people and result in life-threatening respiratory and neurological problems. Though infrequently it also happens between people, it mostly travels from animals to people.
The incubation period of the Nipah virus ranges from 4 to 14 days, during which the following symptoms may manifest:
Prevention: Several important steps must be taken to avoid contracting the Nipah virus:
The study of the Nipah virus’s (NiV) geographic distribution, mechanisms of transmission, and factors that cause outbreaks is known as epidemiology. The Nipah virus is believed to be an emerging infectious disease, according to epidemiological research that has mostly focused on outbreaks in Southeast Asia, particularly in Bangladesh, India, Malaysia, and Singapore.
Although there are other ways that the Nipah virus (NiV) might spread, the primary one involves the virus being passed from fruit bats of the Pteropus genus, which act as its natural reservoir, to people and, in rare cases, from one human to another.
The following are the main ways that the Nipah virus is transmitted:
Several Nipah virus epidemics have utilized pigs as intermediate hosts. Pigs can catch the virus by eating tainted food or coming into contact with a bat-infected area. Consequently, there is a chance that the virus could pass from bats to people.
1. Close Contact: Although it is uncommon, the Nipah virus has been spread from person to person during previous epidemics. Close and direct contact with an infected person’s bodily fluids, notably respiratory secretions, saliva, urine, or blood, is frequently required.
2. Nosocomial transfer: Healthcare facilities can act as a source of human-to-human transfer if proper infection control protocols are not followed. Healthcare workers who treat Nipah virus patients are more likely to be infected.
Some outbreaks, especially in Bangladesh and India, have been traced back to short chains of infected people traveling together. Nipah virus epidemics are alarming because of the high mortality rate and ease of transmission between people, notwithstanding their infrequency. Therefore, prophylaxis is essential to lessen the risk of infection and assure a rapid reaction to any outbreaks. If you suspect you have Nipah virus, you should get medical help very away.