Improving Protein Analysis via Size Exclusion Chromatography

Improving Protein Analysis via Size Exclusion Chromatography


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  • Source: Microbioz India

  • Date: 24 Feb,2024

Size exclusion chromatography (SEC), which is also called gel filtration chromatography, is a powerful technique for separating and analyzing proteins based on size.

Here are some ways to improve protein analysis using SEC:

  1. Selection of Column: Select an appropriate SEC column based on the size range of proteins you are studying. Different columns have different pore sizes, and exclusion limits. Choose a column with a pore size range that includes the size of your target proteins.
  2. Sample Preparation: Correctly prepare your protein samples before loading them onto the SEC column. You should eliminate any aggregates or contaminants that may interfere with separation.
  3. Buffer Selection: Use a buffer that is compatible with both your protein samples and the SEC column. This ensures protein stability and solubility during the entire process of chromatography.
  4. Column Equilibration: Prior to sample loading, equilibrate the SEC column with buffer to ensure consistent separation conditions and baseline stability.
  5. Sample Loading: Be careful when introducing protein samples into SEC columns not to disturb their bed from mixing molecular weights species together.
  6. Flow Rate Optimization: Optimize flow rate of mobile phase for efficient separation while maintaining resolution threshold criteria. High flow rate results in band broadening leading to loss of resolution while low flow rates take long run times.
  7. Detection Method: Choose a suitable detection method for separated proteins’ analysis., These include UV absorbance detection for detecting changes in refractive index, refractive index detection and multi-angle light scattering (MALS) for absolute molecular weights determination,
  8. Calibration Standards: Use molecular weight calibration standards to calibrate the SEC column and establish a standard curve relating elution volume to molecular weight so as to estimate unknown eluted volumes’ molecular weights of unknown proteins
  9. Data Analysis: Process and analyze the chromatographic data using appropriate software such as peak integration, comparison with reference standards, and molecular weight determination.
  10. Quality Control: Make sure to do regular quality control checks on the SEC system for reproducibility and reliability of results such as column performance checking, detector sensitivity, and system stability evaluation.

By carefully optimizing each step of the SEC process, you can improve the accuracy, resolution, and reproducibility of protein analysis thus enhancing more reliable results for your research or applications.

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