Understanding Mycoplasma genitalium: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Understanding Mycoplasma genitalium: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment


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  • Source: Microbioz India

  • Date: 06 Dec,2023

A particular kind of bacteria called Mycoplasma genitalium (MG) can infect both men and women’s urogenital tracts. It is classified as a sexually transmitted infection (STI) since it is mainly spread through sexual contact. Mycoplasma genitalium infections have become more widely recognized as a serious sexually transmitted illness in recent years. They can result in a variety of urogenital symptoms and consequences. Let’s talk about “Mycoplasma Genitalium” and give details of its causes, symptoms and treatment.


Bacteria Mycoplasma genitalium:

  1.  M. genitalium is a type of bacteria that can infect the urogenital tract.
  2.  Sexual contact transmission means that it is an STD (Sexually Transmitted Disease).


Urogenital Symptoms:

  1. It can cause symptoms such as urethritis (inflammation of the urethra) in both men and women which could bring about some discomforts and discharges.
  2. It may also contribute to cervicitis (inflammation of the cervix) and PID (Pelvic Inflammatory Disease) in women.

Asymptomatic Infections:

  1.  M. genitalium infections are said to be asymptomatic, indicating that people can carry these bacteria without any manifestations.
  2.  Even so, asymptomatic carriers can still transmit the infection to sexual partners.



  1. Diagnosis is often done using nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs), such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR), to detect the genetic material of M. genitalium.
  2. These tests are usually carried out on samples from either the urethra, cervix or urine.


  1. Treatment typically involves antibiotics like azithromycin or doxycycline.
  2. Nevertheless, antibiotic resistance has been found in M. genitalium hence proper selection of antibiotics based on local resistance patterns is vital.

Follow-up Testing:

  1. There should be follow-up testing after treatment to ensure that all traces of the infection have cleared considering that there is potential for antibiotic resistance.


Safe Sexual Practices:

  1. To prevent transmission of this pathogen, it is important to practice safe sex which involves consistent and proper use of condoms.

Regular STI Screening:

  1. It is important to carry out regular STI screening including M. genitalium especially in high-risk individuals with multiple sexual partners or those with symptoms.


  1. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID):
  2. Untreated M. genitalium infections in women may lead to PID, which might result in long-term reproductive health issues.

Increased HIV Transmission Risk:

  1. Few studies suggest that people with M. genitalium are at a higher risk of getting infected or transmitting HIV.


  1. Consultation with Healthcare Professionals: If an individual suspects or manifests signs of an M. genitalium infection, a consultation should be sought from healthcare professionals for appropriate testing and treatment.
  2. Importance of Partner Notification: People who have been diagnosed with this disease should talk to their sexual partners so that they can get tested and treated if necessary.

In summary, urogenital symptoms like urethritis and cervicitis might be caused by the sexually transmitted bacterium – Mycoplasma Genitalium-. Therefore, early diagnosis through testing and right antibiotic treatment becomes very crucial in the management of these infections. Prevention also advocates for safe sex and regular STI screening against it. Continuous follow up tests need to be done after treatment since antibiotic resistant strains are possible.

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