Enhance Your Understanding of Biology with an Animal Cell Model

Enhance Your Understanding of Biology with an Animal Cell Model


  • Post By :

  • Source: Microbioz India

  • Date: 02 Feb,2024

One of the most useful tools for grasping biology could possibly be an animal cell model. Particularly, this happens when you need to understand how cells are structured and their functions.

So here is a simple guideline on how to make a model of an animal cell:


  1. A foam ball (to signify the cell)
  2. Different colors of clay/play dough (for different organelles)
  3. Toothpicks or small wooden sticks (for labeling)
  4. Markers or colored pencils (for detailed labeling)
  5. Cardboard or something strong enough to use as a base (In order for the model not to fall, it needs some support from below.)
  6. Glue


Base Preparation:

Start by securing Styrofoam ball onto your cardboard or base using glue. This will serve as central structure which represents animal cell.

Cell Membrane:

Wrap around the ball with layer of colored clay representing a cell membrane, which is an outer boundary surrounding the cell and separating it from its environment.


Make a bigger differentiated nucleus in different color that shall represent nucleus then place it near middle since nucleus is usually found in the center section of cells in animals.


Use variously colored clays to create smaller structures that represent different organelles within the cell. Some important organelles are;


Spread throughout the cell are the tiny, bean-shaped organelles called mitochondria, which are responsible for producing energy.

Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER):

Depending on whether or not ribosomes are linked to its surface, the ER can be either smooth or rough. You can form rough ER by attaching small pieces of clay to your cell.

Golgi Apparatus:

To indicate Golgi apparatus stack up some flattened disc-like shapes. It’s these organelles that package and further process cellular products.


These resemble small dots on top of rough ER meaning they function in protein synthesis.


Stuff a softer or lighter color clay between the organelles to represent cytoplasm. This jelly-like material helps in supporting organelles and other cellular structures.


Take toothpicks or small wooden sticks then use them in labeling each organelle by writing names on them and placing them next to corresponding structures.


To add details such as membranes or any other distinguishing characteristics of the organelles, make use of colored pencils or markers.

Remember, this model is an oversimplified representation; actual cell structures are much smaller and more complex than this. However it’s possible through making this model to see different parts of animal cells and their positions.

About Author