NIAID sets up a clinical research organization to improve comprehension of child asthma
- Post By :
- Source: NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
- Date: 25 Apr,2021
This nationwide network will conduct observational studies and clinical trials to improve understanding of asthma and develop prevention and treatment approaches tailored to children of low-income families residing in urban communities. NIAID plans to provide approximately $70 million over seven years to support the CAUSE network.
This new initiative expands and extends NIAID’s long-standing attempts to better understand and reduce the disproportionate burden of asthma among children living in low-income urban surroundings. Since 1991, NIAID has sponsored a series of research programs conducted in urban areas where pediatric asthma is severe and widespread. Among many accomplishments, NIAID-funded research found that exposure to cockroach allergen is a significant risk factor for severe asthma in urban children and that programs to reduce exposures to cockroaches and other household pollutants reduce children’s asthma symptoms and health care visits.
Researchers also established that omalizumab, a drug that reduces immunoglobulin E, can prevent seasonal asthma attacks. In addition, scientists identified molecular pathways that evolve in the nasal passages of children with asthma who had colds that led to asthma attacks.
CAUSE investigators will work together to enhance understanding of the mechanisms which contribute to asthma development and severity and develop new strategies to mitigate the impact of the disease in populations of disadvantaged children and teens. In addition to this collaborative work, CAUSE clinical research centers located across the USA will conduct locally relevant clinical and translational studies.
The CAUSE network comprises a leadership center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison led by principal investigators Daniel Jackson, M.D., and James Gern, M.D., as well as the following seven clinical research centers:
1.Boston Children’s Hospital. Principal investigators: Wanda Phipatanakul, M.D., and Talal Chatila, M.D.
2.Children’s National Research Institute, Washington, D.C. Principal investigator: Stephen Teach, M.D.
3.Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center. Principal investigator: Gurjit Khurana Hershey, M.D., Ph.D.
4.Columbia University Health Sciences, New York. Principal investigator: Meyer Kattan, M.D.
5.Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York. Principal investigators: Paula Busse, M.D.; Supinda Bunyavanich, M.D.; and Juan Wisnivesky, M.D.
6.Lurie Children’s Hospital of Chicago. Principal investigators: Rajesh Kumar, M.D., and Jacqueline Pongracic, M.D.
7.University of Colorado Denver. Principal investigator: Andrew Liu, M.D.